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The term _____ was coined by Tervalon and Murray-Garcia. It refers to having awareness of one’s limits to understanding a client’s cultural background and experience.
Cultural humility is partially described as a stance that is _____ oriented rather than _____ oriented in regard to a client’s cultural background and experience.
A child who belongs to a non-dominant race may receive introjected values from the greater culture that are likely to be internalized by the child even when he or she grows up in favorable family conditions.
Self awareness is a key component of cultural humility. The following exercises can be used by therapists themselves or through supervision to help raise self awareness.
The three pillars of the multicultural orientation framework are:
Cultural _____ are the moments during counseling when there is an opening to directly attend to a client’ cultural identity.
Cultural _____ refers to the feelings that come up before, during, and after moments that client and therapists have culturally relevant conversations. Hallmarks of cultural comfort are feelings of ease, openness, calmness, and relaxation.
____ occurs when one group uses their access to power and privilege to maintain dominance over another group of people.
The following are types of oppression identified by scholars:
____ is considered to be the fifth force of counseling. It is the recognition of the need to consider how societal oppression and discrimination affect a client’s psychological well-being.
Using a social justice lens, a play therapist may advocate with and for their clients at this level:
A social justice framework requires therapists’ commitment to ongoing self-awareness of their own and their clients’ ______ of identities.
_____ support is associated with greater resilience and fewer depressive and anxious symptoms among trans kids than other types of support.
Playrooms can design their playrooms with toys that are traditionally feminine, traditionally masculine, and that invite exploration and expression of identities beyond traditional binary genders.
The ____model views a gender-creative child’s disaffirming environment as the “problem” rather than the child.
One suggestion for inviting parents and caregivers to share information about their religious beliefs, that they might otherwise keep private, is to ask explicitly during the intake process.
____ refers to an organized set of beliefs and values related to that which is sacred, such as a higher power; _____ is an intrapersonal process connected to values, meaning, and purpose.
Discussing religious beliefs with parents and caregivers is important in part because religion may be central to ____-making in that family system.
Children with disabilities have been noted as being the largest and fastest-growing population in the world.
____ refers to macro-level oppression and discrimination toward people with disabilities. It implies that having a disability is inherently a diminished state of humanness.
Parents of children with disabilities tend to have increased ____ and _____.
In Bronfenbrenner’s ecological systems model, the _____ system is likely to have the most impact on a child’s specific religious beliefs and practices.
According to the Centers for Disease Control, three of the primary indicators for quality of life in the US are wealth, health, and _____.
Research has demonstrated that Native individuals who spent the majority of their lives living on reservations had ____ chances for psychological distress than those who did not.
When offering play therapy services to Native children, it is important to consider including the entire family. When doing so, flexibility toward ______ is essential.
Research indicates that experiences of racism have a lifelong impact and takes a toll on physical and mental health. These impacts include chronic stress and psychological impairment.
Broaching is an invitation by the therapist for client exploration of race throughout the therapeutic process. Broaching is especially important with the therapist and the client are of _____ race.
Traumas can be personal or collective. Especially when working with minority populations, it is important to remember the impacts of _____ trauma. This type of trauma suggests that psychological wounding that occurs in one generation can impact the health of future generations.
In recent years, attacks on (BIPOC) populations has _____ significantly.
In the Latinx population, self-actualize would naturally include enhancing ____.
A negative impact of the ____ myth is that teachers may fail to identify Asian students who are struggling. Because of this myth, these students may also receive fewer referrals for mental health services.
Research supports the ubiquity of “tiger parenting” among Asians.
Muslims are predominately non-Arab, and most Arab Americans are not Muslim.
Mechammil et al. noted that in their study, one main religion did not deter individuals from seeking counseling services, rather hesitation was related to the intersectionality of _____.
White saviorism is a practice wherein white individuals intentionally or unintentionally belive that they can:
Defense mechanisms used to manage race-related stress impair White play therapists’ abilities to have accurate self/other awareness.
Because of equal opportunity for upward mobility, systemic oppression and racial discrimination DO NOT contribute to the fact that of all the children in poverty in the US, 71% are children of color.
Childhood poverty is associated with poor mental health outcomes.
One way that play therapists can advocate for clients affected by poverty is to be aware of local resources and to help connect them and their families to those resources.
___ is a primary issue for providing play therapy to children living in poverty. Therapists may consider providing pro-bono services or offering a sliding scale to help alleviate that barrier.
Multicultural supervision and counseling competence is defined as the “development of an understanding of the influence of ____ and _____ issues on each member of the client-counselor supervision triad as well as the process and outcome of counseling and supervision.”
Play therapy supervision that is culturally inclusive incorporates:
Considering an examination of the inherent biases in the US, it is important that rather than treating clients differently based on their unique needs (equity), play therapists treat them the same despite their needs (equality).
One research study demonstrated 100% consensus among expert play therapists endorsing the phrase: “… the ____ is primary to the process of a child’s sense of safety in cultural expression.”
Research supports the effectiveness of using play therapy with racially and ethnically diverse clients.
Beliefs about race are often ____.